To set up your gradebook, click on "Grades" in the left navigation menu, and select "Gradebook Setup" from the dropdown menu of gradebook views.
You can also get to Gradebook Setup by clicking the gear icon to the right of the course title, selecting "More", and then choosing Gradebook Setup from the Course Administration menu.
At the top of gradebook pages is a list of views or reports. Here are the ones you might need most often:
Aggregation: How grades are calculated. you can choose Natural or Highest, and Natural is the right choice in most cases.
Natural weighting: the default way to aggregate grades. It sums up points (and will show you weights that tell you what percentage of the course total those points represent), unless you customize the weights.
Exclude empty grades: (Selected by default) If checked, empty grades are excluded from calculations and don't count against students. If this is unchecked, empty grades are calculated as "0" and your students may be alarmed by low course totals early in the semester.
Drop the lowest: Exclude one or more grade items with the lowest value from being calculated in the category total. Note: you can drop lowest grade(s) only if all of the items in the Grade Category have the same maximum points.
Value (grade type): the grade type for a numeric grade.
Text (grade type): the grade type for textual feedback.
Scale (grade type): the grade type for descriptive scaling like good-fair-poor or whatever scale you define.
None (grade type): an assignment that cannot have a grade assigned.
It's fine to build your gradebook as you go, but we advise using categories for graded items that will be treated similarly, such as homeworks and quizzes, as early as possible. This way you have control over how each item or type of item affects the final grade.
You may already list what each type of work will contribute to the final grade, in your syllabus. You can use this as a guide when setting up grade categories. For example, your plan may look something like this:
In this case, you would create categories in the Moodle Gradebook for pre-class quizzes and for the homework. You can assign the weights above to those categories, no matter how many individual graded items they contain. The midterm, research paper, and final exam will be single graded items in your Gradebook.
Some activities in Moodle automatically create a graded item in your gradebook when you set them up to accept student work. You will be able to view these graded items on your Gradebook Setup page, and move them into categories using the arrow icons to the very left of their entry.
In other cases, you may be accepting work from students in ways that aren't Moodle activities, or may be grading based on other factors like participation. In this case, you will create a Manual Grade Item for any grade you need to assign that doesn't already appear on the Gradebook Setup page. You can do this with the following steps.
Moodle uses a setting called aggregation to determine how to translate points students earn from individual assignments into a final grade. We recommend the aggregation setting called Natural.
Natural Aggregation allows you to value each assignment that you create with as many points as makes sense to you. It displays weightings in your Gradebook Setup page to indicate the percentage value that each assignment is worth, out of the entire course grade. You can then adjust those weightings as you desire, to ensure they match the model you use for grading and have communicated to your students.
Natural Aggregation will work if you have all the points you grant for the semester add up to a specific total (if small assignments are worth a small amount like five points, and a midterm worth 40 points, for example). It will also work if you have every assignment graded out of 100 points, and choose to enter grade weightings independently on the Gradebook Setup page.
Some older courses my use different types of aggregation, which were around before the Natural aggregation setting was available. We suggest that courses be updated to use Natural when possible, as it is the easiest and most flexible aggregation method to use.