Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

FYSEM 110ML: U.S. Multiethnic Literatures

MLA Style Guides

The Modern Language Association style is most commonly used in the humanities.  The latest version is 9, which came out in April 2021.  The guidelines for citing sources in MLA 9 do not differ much from MLA 8, though the new handbook helpfully includes more examples of how to cite different types of materials as well as new sections on grammar, writing advice, using inclusive language, endnotes and footnotes, and annotated bibliographies.

Hanging Indents

In an MLA style Works Cited list, the first line of each citation should be left justified, but each subsequent line should be indented. This is called a “hanging indent.” Some instructions on how to create a hanging indent in two of the most frequently used word processing programs on campus:

Citing ebooks


Zotero is a tool for collecting, managing, and citing sources. You can install it on your own computer and also access your personal database of sources online. Zotero is free for anyone to use, and is supported by the RIS librarians. 

MHC Accessibility Barriers Form