LA Times - 10 Nov 2016: ...by asking participants to rate their chance of voting, the poll could take advantage of information from everyone in its sample group, rather than cast aside those who do not meet a test for being a "likely voter," as most traditional surveys do.
This archive includes Pew articles discussing the mechanics, trends and challenges of polling. Topics include why 2016 election polls missed their mark, how exit polls work, and the challenge of polling in the era of smartphones. A subsidiary of the Pew Charitable Trusts, the Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.
Arizona Capital Times - 11 Nov 2016: Because polling is based on informed predictions of who will show up on Election Day, those predictions impact a poll's confidence and its forecasts. Many national pollsters got the turnout models wrong in some key states.
Associated Press - 10 Nov 2016: Kennedy said pollsters may ultimately not have had a historically large miss on the national popular vote, but thinks there was a systematic overrepresentation of Clinton's support and underrepresentation for Trump's.
Confirmation bias is when you consciously or unconsciously internalize the information that supports your current beliefs and you reject the information that contradicts your views.
Huffington Post 10/06/2016
A logical fallacy is a flaw in reasoning; they appear in the media and political arguments often. This site outlines and defines 24 of the biggies, different ways our assumptions lead us to THINK we are finding truth through logic, but may be being lead astray.
Columbia Journalism Review - May 20, 2014: Readers are increasingly discovering news through social media, email, and reading apps. Publishers are well aware of this, and have tweaked their infrastructure accordingly, building algorithms that change the site experience depending on where a reader enters from.
Algorithms are everywhere, sifting through information to determine the curated news we read, the prices we pay for goods and services, and even which people are most compatible for us to date. But often we don’t know how, exactly, machines are making these decisions. WNYC's Manoush Zomorodi joins forces with ProPublica to talk about their recent investigation, "Breaking the Black Box", and launch Note to Self's own latest project: "The Privacy Paradox", a five-part podcast and audience engagement series designed to take the mystery out of digital privacy. Hear about how to protect your personal data, the hidden biases in algorithms, and ways we can peek inside black boxes and hold actual people accountable. With ProPublica senior reporter Julia Angwin, entrepreneur and writer Anil Dash and Microsoft researcher Solon Barocas.
Ballotpedia - The Electoral College is the process through which the President of the United States is elected to office. It was formed as a compromise between allowing either the United States Congress or popular vote to determine the outcome of presidential elections. This article discusses the history, function, and arguments for and against the Electoral College. Links to recent news stories about the Electoral College are also included.
"Bullshit involves language, statistical figures, data graphics, and other forms of presentation intended to persuade by impressing and overwhelming a reader or listener, with a blatant disregard for truth and logical coherence. Calling bullshit is a speech act in which one publicly repudiates something objectionable. The scope of targets is broader than bullshit alone. You can call bullshit on bullshit, but you can also call bullshit on lies, treachery, trickery, or injustice. In this course we will teach you how to spot the former and effectively perform the latter." Developed by two college professors at the University of Washington in Seattle.
Stanford History Education Group has prototyped, field tested, and validated a bank of assessments that tap civic online reasoning—the ability to judge the credibility of information that foods young people’s smartphones, tablets, and computers. In this 2016 report, Stanford provides an overview of what they learned and sketch paths their future work might take.
Learning to decipher fact from fiction is a key skill for all news consumers, and libraries across the country are stepping up to help patrons gain the information literacy skills they need. With that in mind, Programming Librarian at the American Library Association has compiled the following round-up of resources* to help libraries deliver their best programming about fake news.
NPR story on how to identify fake news, featuring Alexios Mantzarlis, director of the International Fact-Checking Network at Poynter, and Melissa Zimdars, assistant professor of communication and media at Merrimack College in North Andover, Mass.
"Well, it’s important to realize that whatever political side you’re on, sharing things that are unconfirmed or just plain wrong tends to weaken your positions, rather than strengthen them. If you’re interested in curating a social media feed that’s respected and thoughtful – and not just in the eyes of people who agree with everything you believe – here are some questions to ask yourself before you hit that Share button."