Course backup files provide a way to move all of the contents of a Moodle course to a new location. The file is similar to a .zip archive file, and is a way to save the information from an entire course - including student data - in one compressed package. You might want to take a backup file to another school's Moodle server, move it to a new course site on the same server, or simply keep it on your own hard drive or in your own Google Drive space for future use. Unpacking a backup in a new location on Moodle is called doing a RESTORE.
There is also a way to IMPORT files from one course site on Moodle to another, which moves files and activities but does not include most student data. To learn more about the difference between RESTORE and IMPORT, see Restoring a Course Backup to an Empty Course Site. If you'd prefer to use the import function, see Moving Material Between Courses. If you're uncertain which to use, please contact the Moodle Help Team.
Creating a Course Backup file: