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History 296-02/Gender Studies 206 African Women: Food and Power: Home

History 296-02/Gender Studies 206: African Women: Food and Power (Hanson, Spring 2011)


Icons: Fugue Icons by Yusuke Kamiyamane.

Book, journal, background information photos by Samah Majadla, MHC '13

Welcome to the African Women: Food and Power Research Guide

Get started with Research Topics & Countries, Books, Articles, and Images.  Also find information about visual literacy and presentations.  Check the Citing Sources for links to citing media, style guides and more.  

Use the tabs at the top of the page to start your research

In addition, other research guides that might be useful include:

Finding Images, Gender Studies, History and Legal Sources for Multimedia Projects

Terms to Know

  • Copyright: "Copyright, a form of intellectual property law, protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed."  Learn more with "Copyright in 90 Seconds" podcasts from Denison University.

  • Creative Commons works to increase the amount of creativity (cultural, educational, and scientific content) in “the commons” — the body of work that is available to the public for free and legal sharing, use, repurposing, and remixing.
    • Seven licenses provide a flexible range of protections and freedoms for authors, artists, and educators.
  • Fair Use: Fair use (Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright code) provides parameters for the legal use of copyrighted material without the permission of the copyright holder. 
    • The use of copyrighted images for educational purposes is often allowed under Fair Use Exemptions to Copyright
    • Use of a copyrighted work for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship and research are not considered infringements if the use weighs favorably when considering four factors:
      • The purpose and character of the use, including whether the use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
      • The nature of the copyrighted work;
      • The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the work as a whole; and
      • The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
  • Public Domain: Works in the public domain may be used freely without the permission of the former copyright owner.


Please note that this guide is not a legal document and it is provided as an educational tool.  You are encouraged to contact the United States Copyright Office for more information about U.S. Copyright Law.

This guide offers resources to assist in locating materials in public domain or under Creative Commons licensing.  Students working on multimedia projects are encouraged to use copyright-free materials or apply Fair Use principles to copyrighted materials.  It is your responsbility to use these materials wisely and follow the law.

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