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History 301 History of Energy

Primary Source Collections

Periodical Indexes, Newspapers and Journals:

  • Poole'sPlus/Nineteenth Century Masterfile
    A collection of periodical indexes created in the nineteenth century. Includes: Index to the New York Times (1863-1905); Index to Harper's Magazine (1880-1905); Poole's Index to Periodical Literature (1802-1906); Stead's Index to Periodical Literature (the "British Poole's") (1890-1902); Index to the New York Daily Tribune 1875-1906; Descriptive catalog of the government publications of the U. S. (1774-1881).



Document Collections:

  • U.S. Congressional Serial Set (1817-1980)  The Reports, Documents, and Journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. A rich source of primary source material on all aspects of American history.

  • Parliamentary Papers   (1801- ) Full text of the complete set of the nineteenth and twentieth century British Parliamentary Papers collection including Hansard Parliamentary Debates. A major source of primary source materials on all aspects of British society and the British Empire.
  • Nineteenth Century Collections Online  Science, Technology, and the Medicine: 1780-1925  "This archive covers every aspect of nineteenth-century science: electricity and electromagnetism, mathematics and engineering, astronomy and astrophysics, color theory and the theory of natural selection, geology and mineralogy, chemistry and medicine."
  • Making of the Modern World  Books, journals, pamphlets, essays and more that track the development of the modern western world through the lens of trade and wealth.
  • ARTStor - Digital Image Collection, including photographs, paintings, drawings and sketches from all time periods.

Primary Sources in the Library Catalog

Search by keyword for primary sources in the 5 College catalog
You can search the catalog to find direct references to primary source material. Here are some words to include as keywords that would identify a source as primary:

  • correspondence
  • diaries
  • early works
  • interviews
  • manuscripts
  • pamphlets
  • personal narratives
  • sources
  • speeches
  • letters
  • documents

Mount Holyoke College Five Colleges

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What are Primary Sources?

Primary sources provide first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. 

  • ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS such as diaries, speeches, letters
  • CREATIVE WORKS such as poetry, music, art 
  • RELICS OR ARTIFACTS such as pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings

What about Science?  In the sciences, a primary source is the published result of experimental or observational research.

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