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Citing: Citation Styles

APA Style

Most social science disciplines use the APA system for documenting sources. APA recommends in-text citations that refer readers to a list of references. At the end of the paper, a list of references provides publication information about the source..

In the Library Catalog: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Learn more about APA style with Purdue Online Writing Lab's APA guide

 

 

APA Format for a print book:

 

APA Format for an article from an online journal:

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MLA Style

In the humanities, the MLA (Modern Language Association) system is often used to  document sources. MLA recommends in-text citations that refer readers to a list of works cited. At the end of the paper, a list of works cited provides publication information about the source.

In the Library Catalog: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers

For more on MLA Works Cited and In-text Citations, visit Diana Hacker's Research and Documentation Online Guide

MLA format for a print book:

    

MLA format for an online article from a database:

    

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Chicago Style

The Chicago style is commonly used for citing sources in the history discipline. The Chicago style recommends in-text citations that refer readers to a list of references. At the end of the paper, a list of references provides publication information about the source.

In the Library Catalog: The Chicago Manual of Style

To learn more about this style, visit Diana Hacker's online guide.



Chicago Style for a print book:


Chicago Style for an online article from a database:



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CSE Style

Though scientific publications document sources in similar ways, the details of presenting source information vary from journal to journal. Most biologists, zoologists, earth scientists, geneticists, and other scientists use one of three systems of documentation specified in Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers.

In the Library Catalog: Scientific Style and Format

To learn more about this style, visit Diana Hacker's online guide.

 

 

CSE Style for a print book:

After the author(s) and title, give the place of publication, the name of the publisher, and the date of publication:

Melchias G. Biodiversity and conservation. Enfield (NH): Science; 2001.

 

 

CSE Style for an online article from a database:

Begin with the name of the author and the title of the article. Include the name of the journal, followed by the word “Internet” in brackets. Give the date of publication or the copyright date. Include in brackets the date the article was updated or modified, if any, and the date you accessed it, followed by a semicolon. Then provide the volume, issue, and page numbers. If the article is unpaginated, include in brackets the number or an estimated number of pages, screens, paragraphs, lines, or bytes. Write “Available from:” and the URL.

Isaacs FJ, Blake WJ, Collins JJ. Signal processing in single cells. Science [Internet]. 2005 Mar 25 [cited 2009 Jun 17];307(5717): 1886-1888. Available from: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/307/5717/1886


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