A three minute video from North Carolina State University succinctly defining peer review.
What do we mean by "scholarly?"
They are journals that submit articles to several other scholars, experts, or academics (peers) in the field for review and comment. These reviewers must agree that the article represents properly conducted original research or writing before it can be published.
abstract (descriptive summary)
footnotes or bibliographies
institutions author(s) are from, (universities, think tanks)
main point is to report on original research or experimentation
Examples in Art History: Art Journal, Art History, African Arts